KINDS OF ADVERBS : While we
often consider that words which end in -ly are adverbs, we must consider
how the words are used. They show frequency
(how often?): always, never, seldom, ever; Time and
relative time (when?): now, then, on May 7, yesterday, at 10 a.m.,
yet, recently, soon; Place (where?): here,
there, in Chicago, at home; Manner (how?):
easily, with difficulty, by plane, carefully, by hand, well, not
POSITIONS OF ADVERBS IN SENTENCES
Frequency Usually middle position (before the main verb, but after the
verb Ato be@): hardly, ever, always, almost always, never, usually, often
EXAMPLES: He always studies his homework. He never drives his new car.
He is often hungry. They were usually very friendly. Initial or middle
position: sometimes, occasionally, frequently EXAMPLE: Sometimes they study
their homework. Middle or final position: twice, once, once a day, once
a month, every day, every month, all the time, from time to time EXAMPLES:
They drove their new car twice. They were friendly all the time.
Time Definite time before or after
the main clause EXAMPLES: They arrived at 10 p.m. Yesterday
Pat bought a new car. Relative timeCmiddle position: just, already, still,
lately, recently, soon Relative timeCfinal position: yet EXAMPLES: They
just arrived. Kelly still drives an old car. They haven't finished yet.
Place Position before or after the
main clause EXAMPLES: We moved to a new house. In Chicago,
they were very comfortable Manner Position at end of clause or middle of
clause; for emphasis, place at beginning EXAMPLES: Pat cleaned the room
carefully. Pat carefully cleaned the room. Carefully, Pat cleaned the room.
Well - always place well in the final position. EXAMPLE: Pat cleaned the
SPECIAL NOTES: When you have several adverbs of time or place in one
clause, arrange them so that the specific one comes before the general
ones. EXAMPLE: Chris arrived at 10 a.m. on Saturday, December 5, 1981.
If you have multiple adverbs in one sentence, place time adverbs at
the beginning and put manner and place (in that order) at the end. Or,
put all the end in this order: manner, place, time. EXAMPLES: On Mondays,
they usually send flowers cheerfully to their mother. They usually send
flowers cheerfully to their mother on Mondays.
August 4, 2003