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Developmental Advising Model by Terry O'Banion


In 1972, Terry O'Banion developed an advising model that focuses on the exploration of a student's life, vocational, and educational goals. The model relates to developmental advising and incorporates five elements:

1.  Exploration of Life Goals

2.  Exploration of Vocational Goals

3.  Exploration of Program Choice

4.  Exploration of Course Choice

5.  Exploration of Scheduling Options

Exploration of Life Goals
  1. Knowledge of student characteristics and development
  2. Understanding of decision-making process
  3. Knowledge of psychology and sociology
  4. Skills in counseling techniques
  5. Appreciation of individual differences
  6. Belief in worth and dignity of all
  7. Belief that all have potential
Exploration of Vocational Goals

All the above for exploration of life goals plus the following:

  1. Knowledge of vocational fields
  2. Skill in interpretation of assessment tests
  3. Understanding of changing nature of work in society
  4. Acceptance of all fields of work as worthy and dignified
Exploration of Program Choice
  1. Knowledge of programs available in the college
  2. Knowledge of requirements of programs (special admission requirements, deadlines, fees, time commitments)
  3. Knowledge of univeristy requirements for transfer programs
  4. Knowledge of how others have performed in the program
  5. Knowledge of success rate of those who have completed the program
Exploration of Course Choice
  1. Knowledge of courses available
  2. Knowledge of any special information regarding courses (prerequisites, specific times, transferability, appropriate sequence, if meets graduation requirements)
  3. Rules and regulations of the college regarding probation and suspension, limit on course load (academic and work limitations)
  4. Knowledge of honors courses or developmental courses
  5. Knowledge of instructors and teaching styles
  6. Knowledge of student's ability using test scores, previous course work, and high school record
  7. Knowledge of course content
Exploration of Scheduling Options
  1. Knowledge of course schedule
  2. Knowledge of the systems of scheduling and changing the schedule (registration process in SIS)
  3. Knowledge of student's employment and commuting requirements